The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg), is a landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. Luxembourg has a population of about 625.000 people in an area of approximately 2,586 square kilometres (999 sq mi). It is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy, ruled by the Grand Duke. It is the world’s only remaining sovereign Grand Duchy. Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a Grand Duchy in 1815 at the congress of Vienna. The country has a highly developed economy, with the second-highest gross domestic product per capita in the world, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
The national language is Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch), but Luxembourg is a trilingual country characterised by the use and recognition of French, German and Luxembourgish.
Luxembourg is a founding member of the major multilateral organisations such as the United Nations, NATO, OECD, the European Union, reflecting its political consensus in favour of economic, political, and military integration. Luxembourg City, the country’s capital and largest city, is the seat of several EU institutions and agencies.